Treatment-resistant depression episodes tied to more psychiatric comorbid conditions, health care utilization, self-harm, and all-cause mortality

No significant association observed between average annual emergency department volume and restraint use

Does not reduce risk of relapse overall, but can reduce relapse risk and manic symptom severity for low-risk individuals

However, trend offset by increase in advanced practice professionals weekly work hours

Higher frequency of practice tied to greater impact on self-reported symptoms

Deep learning, multidiagnostic model shows high accuracy before clinical examination

No benefit seen for episodic memory or executive function at six or 18 months for older adults

However, no association seen between racial/ethnic group and patient satisfaction